Vodka is strong alcoholic beverage that is created by treating fermented grain or fruits through the process of distillation. This thousand year old process was initially created to enable Persian scientist to create many new kinds of perfume, but after Poland and Russia got hold of its secrets, distillation became very important part of their drinking culture. Brewers all across Eastern Europe and Russian territory in Asia started implementing new improvements, developing new distillation stills and overall advancing the techniques for creating vodka. In today's environment, advanced science has given many new resources to the brewers, who finally have the ability to control every part of the vodka manufacture - from the moment grain is selected, to the bottling and transport.
Creation of vodka in homemade environment is more than viable .Trough time and effort everyone can produce vodka of high quality in the confine of their homes. Recipe asks for only basic ingredients, and only specialized piece of equipment is a distilling still which can be either made or bought (pot stills, column stills, and other types). For a simple homemade still, you must remember that they have four distinct part - heat source (it can be gas stove or simple chamber for fire), boiling chamber, and gas pipes which connect boiling chamber with the cold environment that surrounds collecting pot.
Ingredients and equipment : chosen grain or fruit, malt meal (to transform grain starch into sugars), yeast (to transform sugars into ethyl alcohol), activated carbon (for filtration), purified water.
Step One - Fermentation
Put your grain into sterilized bowl and boil it with purified water for about an hour. After that, crush the grains to enable its enzymes to come out and begin process of fermentation. Add yeast into the bowl and leave it to ferment for week or two.
Step Two - Distillation
After fermentation is complete, transfer the liquid into thoroughly cleaned distillation pot, and light a fire under it. As the boiling point of alcohol is lower than from water, the gasses from the liquid will contain mostly alcohol. After traveling from the warm pot to the colder section of the pipes, steam will condense, and resulting liquid will be vodka with low alcohol content.
Step Three - Additional Distillation
To achieve higher density of alcohol, produced liquid must be distilled few more times. Don't forget to clean and sterilize equipment between every distillation. Also, remove first and last 50ml of liquid, because they will be filled with concentrated methanol, which is very harmful.
Step Four - Filtration
After you have distilled vodka to around 90% of alcohol content, you must filtrate it to remove some unwanted flavors. For that purpose, pour the liquid trough a funnel stuffed with cotton ball and some activated carbon.
Step Five - Dilution
Final part of the vodka manufacture is its dilution to about 40% of alcohol content. You can mix Vodka with purified water, in a ratio of about 3:1.